Report on 1996 transboundary exchange between Qomolangma Nature Preserve and Nepal’s mountain protected areas held in Shigatse, Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China
By Lhakpa Norbu Sherpa, The Mountain Institute
The greater Mount Everest Ecosystem shares a dynamic history of cultural and biological exchange that is now being strengthened through a transboundary program supporting cooperative natural resource management and enhancement of local livelihoods through traditional trade, tourism and conservation.
Supported by a grant from the MacArthur Foundation, The Mountain Institute and the Governments of Nepal and China have initiated a series of discussions and activities promoting transboundary collaboration, applied research, and participatory management in biodiversity and cultural conservation between QNP and the three adjoining mountain parks of Nepal.
In September 1996, one year after the first transboundary workshop was held in Nepal, a second exchange was held in Tibet, involving high level officials of both Governments as well as Park and Preserve managers and field directors.
The outcome of this second meeting was a commitment to continue working together toward the effective control of environmentally damaging crossborder activities, including forest fires, wildlife poaching, illegal timber cutting, and trade in wildlife products; toward initiating the opening of new border crossings for tourists and developing opportunities for local peoples to engage in related income-generating activities; and to formalize transboundary cooperation for these purposes at both the national and local levels.
Specific actions to be undertaken include:
- Research into the historic, current, and potential status of cross-border travel routes
- Analysis of illegal wildlife trade and poaching, wildlife migration patterns, and wildfire instances
- Publication of the results of transboundary activities
- Formation of a Central Level Transboundary Coordinating Committee to facilitate national and local government support
- The involvement of border residents in transboundary exchanges and studies.
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