A Short History of Everest and The Mountain Institute

Click cover to download 2.4 MB book.

Click cover to download 2.4 MB book.

The Mountain Institute has been supporting conservation and culture in the greater Mt. Everest Ecosystem since the early 1980s, when we began research on what would become the Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer Zone on the southeastern flanks of the Mt. Everest massif, and Qomolongma Nature Preserve on the north side of Everest.

Below is a selection of publications based on TMI’s history with Mt. Everest. All PDF books are best viewed by completely downloading the book onto your computer and then opening them with Adobe Reader. This presents full navigation options.

1992: Mountains, Nations, Parks, and Conservation: A Case Study of the Mt. Everest Area (download PDF 2.4MB)

By Daniel Taylor Ide, Alton C. Byers, and Gabriel J. Campbell, Woodlands Mountain Institute

The Mt. Everest Ecosystem Conservation Program coordinates an international partnership that assists the governments of Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in developing adjoining mountain protected areas in the Mount Everest region, with a focus on community development. This article presents lessons-learned in establishing these new  protected areas and recommendations for others who would do the same elsewhere. This article excerpts and adapts an article originally published in GeoJournal 1992; purchase the complete article here.

1997: Executive Summary from Hands around Mt. Everest (summarizes the 16-page report) 

By Gabriel Campbell, then director of TMI Himalayas Program.

The greater Mount Everest Ecosystem shares a dynamic history of cultural and biological exchange that is now being strengthened through a transboundary program supporting cooperative natural resource management and enhancement of local livelihoods through traditional trade, tourism and conservation. In September 1996, one year after the first transboundary workshop was held in Nepal, a second exchange was held in Tibet, involving high level officials of both Governments as well as Park and Preserve managers and field directors.

1997: Hands Around Mt. Everest (this is the 16-page report, NOT the book)

By Lhakpa Norbu Sherpa, The Mountain Institute

Report on transboundary exchange between Qomolangma Nature Preserve and Nepal’s mountain protected areas held in Shigatse, Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. 

2003: Hands Around Everest (Download 98-page book; 2.4MB)

By Lhakpa Norbu Sherpa, Brian Peniston, Wendy Lama, Camille Richard, compiled by Frances Klatzel, Kate Hoffman. Foreword by J. Gabriel Campbell, Director General, ICIMOD

This book covers transboundary cooperation for conservation and sustainable livelihoods. It gives a brief background of the Everest transboundary region and a history of relationships and joint activities between Nepal and TAR, China, related to this area. The book summarizes various exchanges and describes the villages in the survey, including aspirations of the villagers. Four key issues are discussed in detail, including problems, possible solutions, and suggestions for future action. The document concludes with achievements and constraints in cross-border development, plus recommendations for the future and suggestions for immediate action. Cooperating organizations included The Mountain Institute,  ICIMOD, Department of National Parks and Wildlife, Nepal, Qomolangma Nature Preserve, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. 

2003: Mt. Everest Alpine Conservation and Restoration Act

By Alton C. Byers, The Mountain Institute. Originally published in American Alpine Journal 2003

2007: The Alpine Conservation Partnership

By Alton C. Byers, The Mountain Institute. Originally published in American Alpine Journal 2007

2010: Fifty Years of Climate, Culture, and Landscape Change in the Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Nepal (download PDF 0.4MB)

By Alton Byers, The Mountain Institute. Originally published in Education About Asia

2013: Three Sides of Everest: There’s more to a mountain than its summit

By Alton C. Byers, The Mountain Institute. Originally published in Natural History, April 2013

2014: Contemporary Human Impacts on Subalpine and Alpine Ecosystems of the Hinku Valley, Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer Zone, Nepal

By Alton Byers, The Mountain Institute. Conclusions extracted from upcoming publication in Himalaya, 2014